Appointments: (02) 6251 1444
16-18 Purdue St, Belconnen, ACT
(Parking via Gillott Street)
Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Saturday: 8:30am - 1:00pm
BOOK ONLINE NOW!

Canberra Cat Vet Blog

Thiamine deficiency in cats

Monday, October 27, 2014

When we read about recent cases of thiamine deficiency in cats fed preserved pet meats in Sydney we also found this American report about thiamine deficiency in cats fed uncooked fish and some pate type can foods.

Thiamine is essential for carbohydrate metabolism, muscle contraction, and nerve conduction. Very little thiamine is stored in the body and cats depend on a steady dietary source of the vitamin. Thiamine is naturally found in many food sources such as whole grain cereals, nuts, legumes, brewer’s yeast, but cats derive thiamine mainly from meat products, in particular skeletal muscle, liver, heart, and kidneys.

Improper food storage and processing, consumption of uncooked fish that contain the enzyme thiaminase, and consumption of diets with sulfur dioxide or sulfite meat preservatives can lead to insufficient dietary thiamine.

After two to four weeks of a thiamine deficient diet, cats exhibit salivation, anorexia (loss of appetite), and sometimes vomiting. If the deficiency is not corrected, then dilated pupils, bradycardia (slow heart rate), aggression, and progressive neurological symptoms such as ataxia (loss of coordination), rigid head and neck ventroflexion, twitching, loss of righting reflexes, seizures, coma, and death will ensue. Rigid head and neck ventroflexion is the most common clinical sign in cats presented to veterinarians.

 

(Winn Feline Foundation)

Search Blog

Recent Posts


Tags

jumping blockage kidney disease carrier renal disease petting cat depomedrol poisoning poison microchip antibiotics aspirin visit sneeze in season FORLS polish feline herpesvirus marking tablet restless cat containment diuretics cryptococcosis vaccination poisons paracetamol best veterinarian appetite furball urine spraying flea prevention ulcers holidays obesity Hill's Metabolic tumour Canberra Cat Vet revolution introduce client night brown snake body language lame pain killer fight cystitis heart disease pheromone off food opening hours ulcer stiff dental strange behaviour anxiety kitten deaths cat fight urinating on curtains or carpet New Year's Eve feliway yowling food puzzles string cranky rub kibble hunter sense of smell aggressive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy open day dental check breeder dry food AIDS check-up dehydration discount runny eyes pancreatitis pet meat crytococcosus snuffles paralysis tick scale new cat snake bite holes in teeth house call kittens overweight bed foreign body moving litter holes IBD toxins introduction panleukopaenia examination drinking more ulcerated nose thirst tartar socialisation biopsy fits panamax plaque advantage teeth old best vet weight loss mince ACT return home abscess vet visit cough lilies grooming kidney bladder dymadon computer mouth breathing bladder stones cat vet wet litter open night skin cancer checkup plants head eye vision castration snuffle mental health of cats urination flu dental treatment lymphoma scratching old cat cognitive dysfunction senses roundworm furballs blood test collapse arthritis pill vaccine paralysed euthanasia cat history corneal ulcer cta fight blindness cat worms lick drinking a lot spraying train mass intestine scratch groom behaviour physical activity breathing difficult pet insurance lump hiding sensitive stomach flea treatment snot eye ulcer radioactive iodine introductions fear cat enclosure enemies love echocardiography bite cat friendly aerokat rough play free gasping diabetes rigid head chlamydia eye infection appointment comfortis birthday snakes bad breath pain diarrhoea hole massage on heat worms permethrin indoor cats sick cat cat enclosures information night exercise liver herpesvirus decision to euthanase stress cat dilated pupils lily cancer new year kitten new kitten urinating sick changed annual check behaviour change runny nose tooth skinny blood pressure snake blocked cat sun whiskers pet award photo competition not eating cat behaviour wet food fireworks weight snakebite salivation insulin meows a lot hyperactive sudden blindness home activity RSPCA nose scabs adipokines allergy, African wild cat water unsociable hungry christmas poisonous plants hunched over inflammatory bowel disease virus poisonous itchy blue skin vocal urine odour FIV headache tapeworm paralysis desexing catoberfest enclosure rash senior Canberra introducing stare into space urinating outside litter prednisolone wool best clinic unwell cage high blood pressure seizures sore kidneys fluid pills hypertension prey constipation gifts fever signs of pain cortisone bump hunters outdoor cat touch pred best cat clinic asthma blood in urine grass hunting panleukopenia heaing weight control antiviral enteritis aggression kitten play tradesmen spray feline AIDS fat eyes toxic nails panadol sucking wool fabric hyperthyroidism attack noisy breathing vomit heavy breathing health check sore ears thirsty holiday sensitive cat flu hard faeces obese pain relief change blood training scratching post abscess,cat fight joints face rub rolls competition lilly diet tick mycoplasma sore eyes dementia straining anaemia vomiting hairball home visit allergy pica calicivirus hospital hearing spey blind wobbles ribbon painful desex goodbye feline enteritis xylitol thiamine deficiency twitching fleas panadeine worming slow conflict learning thyroid when to go to vet litter box

Archive

A calm, quiet haven for cats and their carers staffed by experienced, cat loving vets and nurses.

Canberra Cat Vet 16-18 Purdue St Belconnen ACT 2617 (parking off Gillott Street) Phone: (02) 6251-1444

Get Directions