Appointments: (02) 6251 1444
16-18 Purdue St, Belconnen, ACT
(Parking via Gillott Street)
Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Saturday: 8:30am - 1:00pm

Canberra Cat Vet Blog


Tuesday, June 18, 2019

Zac loves the great outdoors. Occasionally, despite copious marking of his territory someone invades his space. Usually they work it out, a growl here, a hiss there, but sometimes the
invader just doesn't take the hint.
Zac prefers not to fight, but if he has to he goes in with guns blazing.
Last week he came off second best. His carer noticed that he wasn't walking properly on his left front leg. When she looked closely his lower leg was swollen.
Zac wasn't interested in his breakfast and retired to bed while she phoned the vet. When she picked him up he cried and shook. Gently she brought him into Canberra Cat Vet.
Dr Georgia found tiny bite marks either side of his arm. His foe's tiny teeth had pierced the skin and left behind a bouquet of bacteria. The skin closed over almost immediately sealing out the oxygen that would kill these particular bacteria.
Pus had accumulated forming an abscess. The best treatment was to drain the pus and let some oxygen in to kill the bacteria. Zac woke from the anaesthetic feeling much better. 
After a few days of antibiotics and pain relief he was back to normal.
Dr Georgia advised Zac to stay indoors or in his outdoor enclosure to avoid further confrontations. 
Fortunately Zac is vaccinated against Feline AIDS with the FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus) vaccine. Cat bites spread the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus. Dr Georgia says that all cats with outdoor access should be vaccinated against FIV.

Cat fights

Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Cats typically have a hate-hate relationship with any strange cat in their presence, yard, or environment.

When new cats meet, they fluff up, spit, hiss – more like scream! – and the fur soon goes flying. While the brawl may only last a few seconds, that’s enough time for a few diseases to jump bodies.

Feline leukemia (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus or cat AIDS (FIV), infectious peritonitis (FIP), or nasty bacterial infections are transmitted from cat to cat in saliva.

Outside cats, particularly unneutered males, love to fight. Most times they will end up with a nasty abscess. An abscess is a pocket of pus under the skin. It makes a cat very ill because of the bacteria and toxins it releases into the bloodstream. He is feverish, goes off his food, hides and sleeps a lot. Treatment for abscesses involves a general anaesthesia, clipping and cleaning the skin, lancing the abscess and flushing all the pus out, placing a drain to allow any new pus to empty, antibiotics and pain relief. Some cats are so sick they need hospitalisation and intravenous fluids for a night or two.

How do we avoid all this??

  • Desex your cat if he is still entire.
  • Keep him indoors, particularly in the evenings and at night when the brawling usually happens.
  • Keep other cats off your property. A dog on patrol will soon despatch an intruder. Otherwise keep an eye out for a few evenings and frighten strays off with a loud noise.
  • Catch the infection as soon as possible. If your cat has been in a fight bring him immediately for an antibiotic shot to discourage the abscess from forming.
  • Vaccinate your cat against FIV, Feline AIDS. There are three shots in the initial course. A booster at the annual checkup and vaccine review prevents the virus gaining a toe hold.  

Feline FIV and AIDS

Thursday, May 29, 2014

Australia has one of the highest prevalences of FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus) in the world BUT testing positive for FIV is not the same as having the disease feline AIDS.

Feline AIDS describes the terminal stages of disease which may not occur for many years – or at all! A positive FIV test means that your cat has been infected by the virus.

 Are my family at risk?No. Although FIV belongs to the same family of viruses as HIV in people, it only infects cats. There is no risk of cross infection of either virus between species.

 Are other cats in the household likely to be infected?

 The virus is shed in the saliva of infected cats and spread by biting. Cats with a history of cat bite abscesses are more likely to test positive for FIV. Spread between cats in a household is unlikely unless they fight. Normal social interactions such as grooming rarely transmit FIV. The best way to minimise the chances of FIV infection is to confine uninfected cats indoors away from aggressive cats.  How is FIV diagnosed?

FIV is diagnosed with a blood test at the surgery which detects an immune response (antibodies) to the virus. If this test is positive your cat is infected. Kittens with immunity passed on from their mother may test positive until 4 months of age. If a young kitten tests positive we retest them at six months of age. Will my cat recover?

Once a cat is infected with the virus it remains infected for the rest of its life but not all infected cats  become ill.  What diseases does FIV cause?

Like HIV, FIV suppresses the body’s defences so that the cat is vulnerable to diseases it would normally  defeat. The cat is vulnerable to chronic or recurrent infections that fail to respond to regular treatment. These include:
  1. Inflammation of the mouth and tongue leading to appetite loss, drooling and mouth pain
  2. Weight loss
  3. Poor appetite
  4. Fever
  5. Signs of brain dysfunction such as aggression, unequal pupils, convulsions and behavioural changes
  6. Swollen lymph glands
  7. Unusual infections like toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, chronic flu, pneumonia, skin disease
  8. Tumours especially those of the lymph system
The non specific signs of weight loss, poor appetite and fever occur in many diseases of cats and are usually unrelated to FIV. Cats with FIV are more likely to suffer from these signs and diseases more often and  be less able to throw them off even with treatment. FIV positive cats have a shorter life expectancy on average than FIV negative cats. Is there any treatment?

Secondary infections with bacteria or fungi are treated with antibiotics and anti-fungals but no specific treatment for the virus is available. Trials with anti-HIV drugs such as AZT have reduced mouth inflammation in affected cats but the cost and availability of AZT makes its use in general practice difficult at present. Anti-inflammatory treatment reduces mouth inflammation and peps up the appetite in many cats. Should I have my cat euthanased?

Certainly not on the basis of a positive FIV test!  Like humans with HIV, cats with FIV appear healthy and happy for a long time before getting sick. On the other hand if your cat has succumbed to multiple infections, is no longer responsive to treatment or is suffering from a chronically painful mouth then euthanasia is the kindest solution. How can I help my cat?

 Confinement indoors of an FIV positive cat  reduces the risk of infection with other agents. It also reduces the risk of transmission of the virus to other cats. A good quality, highly palatable diet as well as worming every 3 months and at least annual health checks will enhance the disease free period. Infections especially abscesses require prompt and aggressive treatment. How do we prevent FIV infection?  Desexing and confinement indoors, especially at night, reduces fighting and therefore the risk of infection. We recommend vaccination with FIV vaccine for all cats with access to the outdoors. Cats older than 6 months of age are tested for FIV before the first vaccination. A series of three primary vaccinations is given 2-4 weeks apart and then a booster is given annually.



Search Blog

Recent Posts


eye ulcer furballs cage herpesvirus hungry bladder drinking more corneal ulcer pain relief holidays tablet lilies desex thiamine deficiency vomiting poisons tapeworm cough eye infection new year wool free panadol heavy breathing computer dental check new cat snakes checkup blood blood test plants cat behaviour thirsty allergy Canberra Cat Vet depomedrol polish old cat radioactive iodine eyes diabetes rigid head pet insurance lick mince abscess,cat fight breeder old desexing cortisone overweight poisonous plants panadeine examination wet litter comfortis bump photo competition headache urine spraying hole cat enclosures revolution lily behaviour bed drinking a lot dental eye collapse panleukopaenia cryptococcosis pet meat fireworks dementia learning cat fight panamax biopsy wobbles insulin whiskers noisy breathing itchy strange behaviour behaviour change visit moving sensitive stomach sucking wool fabric mycoplasma fluid pills on heat groom hairball AIDS lame appointment toxic weight loss bladder stones water feline herpesvirus gasping litter box sore ears paracetamol petting cat aggressive competition constipation dehydration sore eyes chlamydia foreign body straining outdoor cat prednisolone best veterinarian paralysis prey restless liver breathing difficult mental health of cats rolls Hill's Metabolic carrier odour attack stare into space scale blindness aerokat flea prevention urinating nose scabs roundworm when to go to vet echocardiography introduce runny eyes ACT FORLS kitten pain weight cat flu senior blocked cat bad breath rash permethrin mouth breathing stiff cat aspirin holes in teeth introductions grooming intestine dental treatment spey kidneys vaccine rub tumour hunched over cat worms body language adipokines flu love decision to euthanase wet food house call new kitten calicivirus in season antibiotics touch vision dymadon ulcerated nose New Year's Eve home pet litter signs of pain sudden blindness blood pressure vocal change slow vaccination thyroid blockage euthanasia blind blue train aggression best cat clinic cat history hypertension snake holiday health check yowling jumping kidney urination renal disease heaing open night furball snake bite open day scratch paralysed obese kitten deaths kittens RSPCA teeth salivation twitching off food anaemia anxiety snakebite snuffles hospital IBD cystitis inflammatory bowel disease tradesmen client night conflict dilated pupils cognitive dysfunction tartar painful gifts sneeze crytococcosus lilly sick cat hiding award best clinic cat vet ulcers unsociable skinny pred spray training snot not eating diet snuffle advantage pica fits kibble plaque fat scratching post hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cancer meows a lot African wild cat exercise diuretics worming hyperactive tick microchip hunting enteritis tooth massage hunter skin cancer grass hunters physical activity panleukopenia urinating on curtains or carpet pheromone changed kidney disease xylitol fight poisoning kitten play seizures introduction lymphoma obesity brown snake cat friendly Canberra poisonous opening hours appetite hyperthyroidism fear enclosure food puzzles sick FIV high blood pressure vomit spraying marking toxins dry food lump string ribbon castration nails flea treatment sun annual check check-up sensitive senses urinating outside litter best vet sense of smell feline AIDS enemies bite feliway cta fight antiviral sore diarrhoea head rough play pill arthritis return home birthday allergy, cat enclosure goodbye catoberfest blood in urine ulcer runny nose thirst face rub vet visit christmas asthma discount poison fever socialisation feline enteritis mass abscess cranky worms stress pain killer introducing pancreatitis skin fleas joints scratching hearing heart disease urine information night home visit indoor cats paralysis tick hard faeces unwell cat containment holes weight control activity virus


A calm, quiet haven for cats and their carers staffed by experienced, cat loving vets and nurses.

Canberra Cat Vet 16-18 Purdue St Belconnen ACT 2617 (parking off Gillott Street) Phone: (02) 6251-1444

Get Directions